WSDL Accessor


Zend\Soap\Wsdl class is used by Zend\Soap\Server component internally to operate with WSDL documents. Nevertheless, you could also use functionality provided by this class for your own needs. The Zend\Soap\Wsdl package contains both a parser and a builder of WSDL documents.

If you don’t plan to do this, you can skip this documentation section.

Zend\Soap\Wsdl constructor

Zend\Soap\Wsdl constructor takes three parameters:

  • $name - name of the Web Service being described.
  • $uri - URI where the WSDL will be available (could also be a reference to the file in the filesystem.)
  • $strategy - optional flag used to identify the strategy for complex types (objects) detection. To read more on complex type detection strategies go to the section: Add complex types.
  • $classMap - Optional array of class name translations from PHP Type (key) to WSDL type (value).

addMessage() method

addMessage($name, $parts) method adds new message description to the WSDL document (/definitions/message element).

Each message correspond to methods in terms of Zend\Soap\Server and Zend\Soap\Client functionality.

$name parameter represents the message name.

$parts parameter is an array of message parts which describes SOAP call parameters. It’s an associative array: ‘part name’ (SOAP call parameter name) => ‘part type’.

Type mapping management is performed using addTypes(), addTypes() and addComplexType() methods (see below).


Messages parts can use either ‘element’ or ‘type’ attribute for typing (see

‘element’ attribute must refer to a corresponding element of data type definition. ‘type’ attribute refers to a corresponding complexType entry.

All standard XSD types have both ‘element’ and ‘complexType’ definitions (see

All non-standard types, which may be added using Zend\Soap\Wsdl::addComplexType() method, are described using ‘complexType’ node of ‘/definitions/types/schema/’ section of WSDL document.

So addMessage() method always uses ‘type’ attribute to describe types.

addPortType() method

addPortType($name) method adds new port type to the WSDL document (/definitions/portType) with the specified port type name.

It joins a set of Web Service methods defined in terms of Zend\Soap\Server implementation.

See for the details.

addPortOperation() method

addPortOperation($portType, $name, $input = false, $output = false, $fault = false) method adds new port operation to the specified port type of the WSDL document (/definitions/portType/operation).

Each port operation corresponds to a class method (if Web Service is based on a class) or function (if Web Service is based on a set of methods) in terms of Zend\Soap\Server implementation.

It also adds corresponding port operation messages depending on specified $input, $output and $fault parameters.


Zend\Soap\Server component generates two messages for each port operation while describing service based on Zend\Soap\Server class:

  • input message with name $methodName . ‘Request’.
  • output message with name $methodName . ‘Response’.

See for the details.

addBinding() method

addBinding($name, $portType) method adds new binding to the WSDL document (/definitions/binding).

‘binding’ WSDL document node defines message format and protocol details for operations and messages defined by a particular portType (see

The method creates binding node and returns it. Then it may be used to fill with actual data.

Zend\Soap\Server implementation uses $serviceName . ‘Binding’ name for ‘binding’ element of WSDL document.

addBindingOperation() method

addBindingOperation($binding, $name, $input = false, $output = false, $fault = false) method adds an operation to a binding element (/definitions/binding/operation) with the specified name.

It takes an XML_Tree_Node object returned by addBinding() as an input ($binding parameter) to add ‘operation’ element with input/output/false entries depending on specified parameters

Zend\Soap\Server implementation adds corresponding binding entry for each Web Service method with input and output entries defining ‘soap:body’ element as ‘<soap:body use=”encoded” encodingStyle=””/>

See for the details.

addSoapBinding() method

addSoapBinding($binding, $style = 'document', $transport = '') method adds SOAP binding (‘soap:binding’) entry to the binding element (which is already linked to some port type) with the specified style and transport (Zend\Soap\Server implementation uses RPC style over HTTP).

‘/definitions/binding/soap:binding’ element is used to signify that the binding is bound to the SOAP protocol format.

See for the details.

addSoapOperation() method

addSoapOperation($binding, $soap_action) method adds SOAP operation (‘soap:operation’) entry to the binding element with the specified action. ‘style’ attribute of the ‘soap:operation’ element is not used since programming model (RPC-oriented or document-oriented) may be using addSoapBinding() method

‘soapAction’ attribute of ‘/definitions/binding/soap:operation’ element specifies the value of the SOAPAction header for this operation. This attribute is required for SOAP over HTTP and must not be specified for other transports.

Zend\Soap\Server implementation uses $serviceUri . ‘#’ . $methodName for SOAP operation action name.

See for the details.

addService() method

addService($name, $port_name, $binding, $location) method adds ‘/definitions/service’ element to the WSDL document with the specified Wed Service name, port name, binding, and location.

WSDL 1.1 allows to have several port types (sets of operations) per service. This ability is not used by Zend\Soap\Server implementation and not supported by Zend\Soap\Wsdl class.

Zend\Soap\Server implementation uses:

  • $name . ‘Service’ as a Web Service name,
  • $name . ‘Port’ as a port type name,
  • ‘tns:’ . $name . ‘Binding’ [1] as binding name,
  • script URI [2] as a service URI for Web Service definition using classes.

where $name is a class name for the Web Service definition mode using class and script name for the Web Service definition mode using set of functions.

See for the details.

Type mapping

ZendSoap WSDL accessor implementation uses the following type mapping between PHP and SOAP types:

  • PHP strings <-> xsd:string.
  • PHP integers <-> xsd:int.
  • PHP floats and doubles <-> xsd:float.
  • PHP booleans <-> xsd:boolean.
  • PHP arrays <-> soap-enc:Array.
  • PHP object <-> xsd:struct.
  • PHP class <-> based on complex type strategy (See: this section) [3].
  • PHP void <-> empty type.
  • If type is not matched to any of these types by some reason, then xsd:anyType is used.

Where xsd: is “” namespace, soap-enc: is a “” namespace, tns: is a “target namespace” for a service.

Retrieving type information

getType($type) method may be used to get mapping for a specified PHP type:

$wsdl = new Zend\Soap\Wsdl('My_Web_Service', $myWebServiceUri);

$soapIntType = $wsdl->getType('int');

class MyClass {
$soapMyClassType = $wsdl->getType('MyClass');

Adding complex type information

addComplexType($type) method is used to add complex types (PHP classes) to a WSDL document.

It’s automatically used by getType() method to add corresponding complex types of method parameters or return types.

Its detection and building algorithm is based on the currently active detection strategy for complex types. You can set the detection strategy either by specifying the class name as string or instance of a Zend\Soap\Wsdl\ComplexTypeStrategy implementation as the third parameter of the constructor or using the setComplexTypeStrategy($strategy) function of Zend\Soap\Wsdl. The following detection strategies currently exist:

  • Class Zend\Soap\Wsdl\ComplexTypeStrategy\DefaultComplexType: Enabled by default (when no third constructor parameter is set). Iterates over the public attributes of a class type and registers them as subtypes of the complex object type.
  • Class Zend\Soap\Wsdl\ComplexTypeStrategy\AnyType: Casts all complex types into the simple XSD type xsd:anyType. Be careful this shortcut for complex type detection can probably only be handled successfully by weakly typed languages such as PHP.
  • Class Zend\Soap\Wsdl\ComplexTypeStrategy\ArrayOfTypeSequence: This strategy allows to specify return parameters of the type: int[] or string[]. As of Zend Framework version 1.9 it can handle both simple PHP types such as int, string, boolean, float aswell as objects and arrays of objects.
  • Class Zend\Soap\Wsdl\ComplexTypeStrategy\ArrayOfTypeComplex: This strategy allows to detect very complex arrays of objects. Objects types are detected based on the Zend\Soap\Wsdl\Strategy\DefaultComplexType and an array is wrapped around that definition.
  • Class Zend\Soap\Wsdl\ComplexTypeStrategy\Composite: This strategy can combine all strategies by connecting PHP Complex types (Classnames) to the desired strategy via the connectTypeToStrategy($type, $strategy) method. A complete typemap can be given to the constructor as an array with $type-> $strategy pairs. The second parameter specifies the default strategy that will be used if an unknown type is requested for adding. This parameter defaults to the Zend\Soap\Wsdl\Strategy\DefaultComplexType strategy.

addComplexType() method creates ‘/definitions/types/xsd:schema/xsd:complexType’ element for each described complex type with name of the specified PHP class.

Class property MUST have docblock section with the described PHP type to have property included into WSDL description.

addComplexType() checks if type is already described within types section of the WSDL document.

It prevents duplications if this method is called two or more times and recursion in the types definition section.

See for the details.

addDocumentation() method

addDocumentation($input_node, $documentation) method adds human readable documentation using optional ‘wsdl:document’ element.

‘/definitions/binding/soap:binding’ element is used to signify that the binding is bound to the SOAP protocol format.

See for the details.

Get finalized WSDL document

toXML(), toDomDocument() and dump($filename = false) methods may be used to get WSDL document as an XML, DOM structure or a file.

[1]‘tns:’ namespace is defined as script URI (‘http://’ .$_SERVER[‘HTTP_HOST’] . $_SERVER[‘SCRIPT_NAME’]).
[2]‘http://’ .$_SERVER[‘HTTP_HOST’] . $_SERVER[‘SCRIPT_NAME’]
[3]By default Zend\Soap\Wsdl will be created with the Zend\Soap\Wsdl\ComplexTypeStrategy\DefaultComplexType class as detection algorithm for complex types. The first parameter of the AutoDiscover constructor takes any complex type strategy implementing Zend\Soap\Wsdl\ComplexTypeStrategy\ComplexTypeStrategyInterface or a string with the name of the class. For backwards compatibility with $extractComplexType boolean variables are parsed the following way: If TRUE, Zend\Soap\Wsdl\ComplexTypeStrategy\DefaultComplexType, if FALSE Zend\Soap\Wsdl\ComplexTypeStrategy\AnyType.